A shipping container is known for having durable strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage and handling. They range from large reusable steel boxes used for intermodal shipments to ubiquitous corrugated boxes.
The container sizes need to be standardized so that the containers can be most efficiently stacked – literally, one on top of the other – so that can fit on ships, trains, trucks and cranes at the ports or built to a single size specification. This standardization now applies across the global industry, thanks to the set standard sizes placed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1961,
Proper loading or “stuffing” of containers is very important to the safety and stability of the containers and the ships, trucks and trains that transport the containers. In 2008, the World Shipping Council (WSC), together with the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), published Transport of Containers by Sea – Industry Guidance for Shippers and Container Stuffers to aid those loading containers.
Containers are generally constructed of aluminium or steel with each container size and type built according to the same ISO specifications, regardless of where the container is manufactured.
Shipping containers are available in a variety of types in addition to the standard dry cargo containers often referred to as “special” equipment. These special containers include open end, open side, open top, half-height, flat rack, refrigerated (known as “reefer”), liquid bulk (tank), and modular all built to same exterior lengths and widths as the standard dry cargo containers.
Open tops are used for easy loading of cargo such as logs, machinery and odd sized goods. Flat racks can be used for boats, vehicles, machinery or industrial equipment. Open sides may be used for vegetables such as onions and potatoes. Tank containers transport many types of liquids such as chemicals, wine and vegetable oil.
We supply new and second-hand shipping containers in a range of sizes and designs for either hire or sale. There are numerous designs of shipping container, but the majority are what are termed “dry van containers”, these carry general freight. There are other designs such as refrigerated containers for transporting deep-frozen or chilled cargoes, and others which are generally called “special containers”. These tend to be specifically designed for certain cargoes.